The Medical Name for Toes is 'Phalanges'. The name phalanges is derived from the Greek word Phalanx which means a straight projection like the rectangular formations used by the Roman Army's infantry - also called a phalanx formation. The big toe has its own name - Hallux - and the other toes are numbered from 2 to 5 at the pinky. The long bones just behind your toes are called the metatarsals. There are 26 bones in your feet with 33 joints. And most of the strength of your feet come from your calves and tibialis to the front transmitted by puppet strings called tendons. Now you know :)